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Title: An alternative finite element formulation for determination of streamlines in two-dimensional problems
Keywords: Streamlines
Variational Formulation
Finite Element Method
Navier-Stokes Flows
Viscoelastic Liquids
Issue Date: 30-May-2013
Publisher: The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences
Description: It is well known that the numerical solutions of incompressible viscous flows are of great importance in Fluid Dynamics. The graphics output capabilities of their computational codes have revolutionized the communication of ideas to the non-specialist public. In general those codes include, in their hydrodynamic features, the visualization of flow streamlines - essentially a form of contour plot showing the line patterns of the flow - and the magnitudes and orientations of their velocity vectors. However, the standard finite element formulation to compute streamlines suffers from the disadvantage of requiring the determination of boundary integrals, leading to cumbersome implementations at the construction of the finite element code. In this article, we introduce an efficient way - via an alternative variational formulation - to determine the streamlines for fluid flows, which does not need the computation of contour integrals. In order to illustrate the good performance of the alternative formulation proposed, we capture the streamlines of three viscous models: Stokes, Navier-Stokes and Viscoelastic flows.
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Appears in Collections:Technology and Engineering

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